Japan is slacking in the transition to renewables like wind and solar energy compared to the developed nations. The government has decided to implement other regulations to activate the transition to renewables, including widening of the offshore renewable energy projects and amending the bills on the plugging into a power transmission system.
These strategies must be advocated aggressively so that the country can witness an accelerated transition to clean renewable energy. This move will facilitate the impartation onto the citizens of the government’s vision of attaining zero-emissions in the commitment to minimize global warming inducers. The vision of the Japanese government is to see the economy and systems running on renewable energy. But the targets articulated in the renewable energy plan is exceedingly low compared to the current percentages of the dirty energy that the renewables intend to wipe out because of the greenhouse gas emissions. Renewable energy production percentages in Japan in the previous years are below those of the developed European economies.
Japan has seen dynamic changes since the shutdown of nuclear power plants after the Tokyo Electric Power Company Holding’s Fukushima power plant experiencing tragedy. One of the changes is that the thermal power plants regained popularity as they replaced these nuclear power stations to generate 30% of the country’s electricity. Thermal energy is primarily from coal and has been growing its market share since the tragedy occurred.
Currently, Japan is under a lot of international pressure due to its overusing coal to run the power grids amidst efforts to minimize carbon emissions worldwide. The country replied to the critics that it plans to replace the unreliable coal-powered energy plants with renewable energy plants.
Nevertheless, even with the phase-out of Japan’s unreliable coal-fired power plants, the change would still be negligible since other vital power plants are again run on coal. It will take time before the new renewable energy projects reach the energy supply capacity that the reliable coal-fired power stations are supplying.
Japan is dependent on nuclear power plants to counter the permanent shutdown of its thermal power plants, which emit greenhouse gases. However, the challenge is the slow resumption of operations for its nuclear power plants since they last shutdown making the transition to clean energy a gradual process in the country. Additionally, safety regulations and the high cost of operating these plants will impede their resumption of operations.
To sum up, the way out for Japan is to expand the operations in its renewable energy facilities and projects until they challenge the thermal energy power plants before phasing out the latter. Japan can also focus on technological mechanisms to minimize emissions from the coal-fired plants while working on the renewables.