Categories
Space

The role of government in small dispatch market not so clear

Specialists have cautioned for some time that the smallsat market cannot back up the dozens of agencies presently advancing small dispatch automobiles. The agreement is that only a handful shall sustain, and the American regime, specifically the Defence Division, shall play a crucial function in choosing the ones that remain in business. The Pentagon has, by this time, beckoned its objective to back up the industry, even though the ways at which it is going to do so have welcomed controversies.

Ellen Lord, the Undersecretary of Defence for Acquisition and Sustainment in April recognized small dispatch as one of the divisions of the Defense industrial base most unfavourably impacted by the COVID-19 crisis economic outcome

The Pentagon publicized around June its intention to bestow $116 million worth of deals to six small dispatch suppliers using finances approved under the Defense Production Act, a Cold War-era by-law meant for marshal local production in times of need. The Trump administration appealed to the Defence Production Act in April to increase the production of medical gear to fight the crisis. The rule also grants the Pentagon freedom to invest in local industries it deems essential to national security.

Nevertheless, the small dispatch deals were retracted in July amidst a disturbance concerning how the receivers were picked, an issue that the Pentagon never commented about. The Air Military’s chief procurement official executive, Will Roper, stated that DoD chose to transfer the funds to other primacies and that the small dispatch deal would have to hang on until financing became available.  

Deputy President of commercial space, Janice Starzyk revealed to SpaceNews that the DPA small dispatch issue was peculiar. The procedure and standards for the choice of six firms —X-Bow, Astra, Rocket Lab, Aevum, Space Vector, and VOX Space, remain unknown, Starzyk remarked.

Chairperson of Smallsat Alliance, Chuck Beames, stated that DoD wanted to support the industry but regrettably mismanaged the Defence Production Act deals. Deputy President of future operations at Astra, Fred Kennedy, one of the firms among the six chosen for Defence Production Act deal, approved that DoD had upright intent but nosedived at the application. 

Aside from that, NASA is playing an advocating duty with a recent dispatch procurement.

NASA unveiled at the onset of July, an outline appeal for suggestions for its Venture Class Launch Service Demonstration 2 program, searching for suggestions for dispatches of collections of tiny satellites. A complete version is scheduled for unveiling after July, with proposals expected by the end of August.

Venture Class Launch Service Demo 2 is a restoration of the firm’s initial Venture Class Launch Service slate that NASA commenced around 2015 to promote the advancement of small dispatch automobiles.

Categories
Energy

Japan must raise its renewable energy targets to transition to clean energy 

Japan is slacking in the transition to renewables like wind and solar energy compared to the developed nations. The government has decided to implement other regulations to activate the transition to renewables, including widening of the offshore renewable energy projects and amending the bills on the plugging into a power transmission system. 

These strategies must be advocated aggressively so that the country can witness an accelerated transition to clean renewable energy. This move will facilitate the impartation onto the citizens of the government’s vision of attaining zero-emissions in the commitment to minimize global warming inducers. The vision of the Japanese government is to see the economy and systems running on renewable energy. But the targets articulated in the renewable energy plan is exceedingly low compared to the current percentages of the dirty energy that the renewables intend to wipe out because of the greenhouse gas emissions. Renewable energy production percentages in Japan in the previous years are below those of the developed European economies. 

Japan has seen dynamic changes since the shutdown of nuclear power plants after the Tokyo Electric Power Company Holding’s Fukushima power plant experiencing tragedy. One of the changes is that the thermal power plants regained popularity as they replaced these nuclear power stations to generate 30% of the country’s electricity. Thermal energy is primarily from coal and has been growing its market share since the tragedy occurred. 

Currently, Japan is under a lot of international pressure due to its overusing coal to run the power grids amidst efforts to minimize carbon emissions worldwide. The country replied to the critics that it plans to replace the unreliable coal-powered energy plants with renewable energy plants. 

Nevertheless, even with the phase-out of Japan’s unreliable coal-fired power plants, the change would still be negligible since other vital power plants are again run on coal. It will take time before the new renewable energy projects reach the energy supply capacity that the reliable coal-fired power stations are supplying. 

Japan is dependent on nuclear power plants to counter the permanent shutdown of its thermal power plants, which emit greenhouse gases. However, the challenge is the slow resumption of operations for its nuclear power plants since they last shutdown making the transition to clean energy a gradual process in the country. Additionally, safety regulations and the high cost of operating these plants will impede their resumption of operations. 

To sum up, the way out for Japan is to expand the operations in its renewable energy facilities and projects until they challenge the thermal energy power plants before phasing out the latter. Japan can also focus on technological mechanisms to minimize emissions from the coal-fired plants while working on the renewables. 

Categories
Energy

GlobalData confirms that Coronavirus pandemic is a great time to increase the development of renewable energy

Latest report Thematic Research: Renewable Energy (2020) published by GlobalData, a primary data and analytics firm, unveils that one and a half-decade ago, biomass, hydropower, and biogas were the leading renewable technologies. Since that time, solar and wind have led and will remain the dominant renewable energy sources in the coming future. Except for mini-hydropower, the development of every other recyclable technology is anticipated to be necessary, however solar as well as wind are expected to be able to make the most significant contribution to the entire installed recyclable energy capacity.

Renewable power has been costly compared to conservative electricity, making it reliable on subsidies and incentives. Following advances in technology, solar and wind power are emerging economically aggressive. Onshore wind knowledge has developed into a mature and established technology with a low generation cost. Recyclable projects are currently beginning to compete with conventional energy, attesting that they can reinstate traditional power in most countries.

Solar and wind PV technologies will continue developing throughout the year 2021-2030, with subsidized costs supporting more projects to be initiated in the forthcoming years. The renewables adoption by new nations will additionally drive the uptake of solar and wind power sources. Initially, governments sought to promote wind and cosmic initiations via FiT schemes. The lessening in the cost has made it likely for those schemes to be reinstated by auction mechanisms. 

United States of America, Europe and China have been the main drivers for the renewable energy development, particularly solar and wind PV. Furthermore, Latin America is self-assured to take on an essential role in the climate change as well as the development of recyclable energy. The rapid growth of the renewables across the region of Latin America has improved its attempts to achieve a zero-carbon economy. Technological modernism has resulted in enhanced efficiency and lessened costs, nurturing the grid competitiveness of recyclables. 

With its aggressive pricing and steady policy support, the wind energy market thrives and has accomplished grid equivalence in many nations. Technological progressions have opened the approach for a more efficient and dependable tool and machinery, making the wind the fastest-growing power source.

Recent technological advancements are being observed in the O&M actions of wind farms, and drones have HD cameras. Thermal cameras are currently solving various issues that wind tool managers experienced for many years. It is usually time-consuming for team technicians to unconnectedly climb and verify every wind turbine tower. 

Categories
Energy

Electric vehicles cleaner than gas-driven cars 

It is not that easy when it comes to reducing the footprint caused by carbon emissions. Even something like fitting solar panels, or operating by use of hydrogen fuel can be greenwashed more than green itself. It is harder when making the right choices in life, especially if you look at them at a closer approach. While electric vehicles appear to be attractive in the first spot, it becomes clear that they have a carbon trail and some side effects during the extraction process. 

The main problem encompassing rare earth metals and precious minerals is that the required ingredients in electric vehicle batteries are the multi-layered one. In turn, the cost of the EVs to reduce, making them accessible to everyone. However, there is more impact posed along the supply chain of electric vehicles. The dominion of lithium-ion batteries in China has made Beijing indirectly rule the electric vehicle market for the past years, resulting in shifting in the manufacturing of the vehicles to Asia. In the meantime, cobalt is a costly metal, and its composition in the batteries of the electric vehicle portrays a full forty percent of the car’s sum value. 

There is the fact that those metals do not fall under the category of renewables, as their mining is always green. The surging use of lithium-ion batteries as the primary source in electronics such as phones, computers, and electric vehicles has contributed to an increase of fifty-eight percent in lithium extraction since 2010. That appears to be a near-term danger of lithium extraction; however, there is another effect posed to the environment. 

Additionally, the extraction process needs large capacities of waters, and that might result in aquifer exhaustion and affect ecosystems at a more significant rate. Those ecosystems are more delicate, and they must be handled with care. 

The emerging question is, is that necessary? Electric vehicles seem to save us as they are the best solutions to the impacts of climate change. 

A life cycle examination of emissions highlights three stages, which are; The Manufacturing phase, the use phase, and the recycling phase. In this case, what matters is the company that manufactured your electric vehicle and the company that produced the electricity powering the electric car. For instance, in New Zealand, eighty-two percent of electrical energy comes from renewable sources. Since those sources of renewable electricity provide the vehicle’s charge, then electric cars suit best in New Zealand. That is not easy at appears, and that is why complete life cycle examination comes in to answer our question. 

Categories
Energy

Canadian Parks receives electric vehicle chargers from Tesla 

In an annunciation made by the Federal authority, 28 of the most renowned Parks Canada stations currently have Tesla-donated electric cars charging points. Jonathan Wilkinson, who is the Minister of Environmental and Climate Change, and the Minister of Parks Canada, released the announcement the previous week stating that electric vehicle users can now use some of the charging points. 

Having installed electric vehicle charging stations in additional Parks Canada points, Canadian authority has eased charging electric cars in their beautiful parks, national marine conservation sections, and national historical sites among many areas. 

In May of last year, Canadian authorities submitted to having charging points structures to about 25% of renowned Parks Canada regions across the nation. Also, the Government stated that the submission would come right net year; however, Parks Canada has met the primary anticipation. 

The subsequent aim is to double the number of charging points to about 50 percent of public charging places in the next five years. The award received from Tesla will enable Parks Canada to enhance its services to its clients who drive electric vehicles. The gift is part of the green mission and mitigating climate change by Parks Canada. 

There are 172 charging points set up in 14 national parks, 12 historic national regions, one on national marine conservation regions, and the other in Rouge National Urban Park. More Parks Canada areas will be fitted with enough charging stations for electric vehicles. 

Fifty percent of the recently installed charging points belong to Tesla, and the other fifty percent are J-1772 that include a free charge with entry charges where valid. 

Canadian Government is ready to offer competitive solutions that will reduce carbon emissions when electric vehicle users pay visits to the national parks, marine conservation sites, and national historic sites. 

By the end of this year, Parks Canada anticipated the donated charging points by Tesla will be available to electric car users to thirty-eight regions. Last year, Parks Canada received 350 charging points from Tesla. 

Tesla will contribute over 50 electric chargers since there will be more than one charger in each charging point. MobileSyrup has managed to conduct Parks Canada to get additional information. 

Those chargers are not Superchargers made by Tesla, and they will charge both Tesla cars and electric motors since those chargers support the J1772 charging standard. The charging stations will be of AC Level 2 with Tesla SAE J1772 connectors, and they will be distributed in the market. 

Categories
Energy

Here are some of the hidden details of the ‘Clean’ Electric Motors

The prevalent notion that fossil fuels are ‘dirty’ and renewable sources of energy such as wind and solar and not forgetting electric vehicles is ‘tidy’ has become the talk of the day in the media. 

The zero carbon emission strategy by 2050 calls for complete mitigation of carbon emissions in the energy sector. The ultimate question we are forced to consider is how fast liberal Western authorities, led by an alleged scientific accord ‘decarbonize’ savage the globe from the impacts of global warming. 

Extracting out of sight, out of mind

Starting with Elon Musk’s Tesla, it is a beyond belief accomplishment for the entity. It has registered four successive parts of profits, and it is the most valuable automotive firm globally. The demand for electric vehicles is anticipated to surge as the nation strategies support the buying of the electric vehicles financially as they take the place of internal combustion engine and gasoline-driven vehicles. 

If you take a bright look below the hood of ‘clean energy’ battery-driven electric vehicles, the dirt found is a huge surprise. The most fundamental part of the electric vehicles is the lithium-ion rechargeable battery, which depends on primary mineral commodities like lithium, manganese, graphite, etc. Tracking the source of such minerals is known as ‘full-cycle economics,’ It clearly shows that electric vehicles form dirt during the extraction and processing of such minerals.

A recent report released by the United Nations warns that raw materials used in electric vehicle batteries are found in large numbers in some nations where there are policies on environment and labor. Therefore, the production of batteries for electric vehicles steers an explosion in cobalt small-scale manufacturing. The artisanal extraction sites account for a quarter of DRC’s production and have been termed harmful and use child labor.

Having in mind the picture of children scrabbling for hand-excavated minerals in Africa, they can make high technology’s clear and green picture. Many techs and auto firms use cobalt and other poisonous heavy metals to prevent contacting the mines. In July, Tesla Inc. made a deal with Glencore Plc, a Swiss-based entity, to purchase over 6,000 tons of cobalt every year from old Congolese mines. Since Tesla stated its aim of removing recurrent dangers linked to sourcing minerals from countries like DRC where corruption is prevalent, Glencore has affirmed its customers no hand-excavated cobalt is treated in automated mines. 

Categories
Space

Demo-2’s space explorers applaud the Crew Dragon spacecraft for a memorable experience.

NASA‘s veteran astronauts aboard the Crew Dragon spacecraft commended the craft, saying that it was a fantastic experience to board the vehicle.

Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley were full of praises for the collaborated efforts of SpaceX and NASA’s commercial crew program after designing the Crew Dragon spacecraft. The two astronauts safely jetted back to Earth after a mission that took over two months. 

Hurley reported that the flight had no hitches whatsoever, an experience that is spectacular compared to what they usually go through on space missions. In his experience, Hurley explains that this is the first mission that was glitch-free from the beginning to the end. Not even space shuttle missions are this way perfect.

An illustrative example is that Hurley anticipated that the vehicle shifts out of position and swerve into the dense atmosphere before the subsequent parachute ejection. However, he narrates that the space vehicle was steady and in perfect motion throughout the reentry mission.

Behnken recollects a pictographic memory of the capsule diving down the Earth’s atmosphere. He states that the Dragon came to life approaching the atmosphere and propelled downwards to stay in the orthodox altitude in the reentry mission.

Behnken explains that the Dragon exceptionally thrust itself down the atmosphere like a bird following its path. The capsule was outrightly steady and moving down the Earth withstanding the atmospheric pressure and winds.

Nonetheless, the atmospheric noise and the Dragon’s propulsion noise were high though the astronauts were ready for noise-proof devices. The cataclysmic motion of the spacecraft was an exuberant sight from the astronauts’ view. The astronauts felt like they were moving inside an animal’s body.

Initially, NASA’s plan was for the Demo-2 mission to spend a few days at the International Space Station before jetting back to Earth. NASA altered the plan to increase the days to months so that Behnken and Hurley can perform various operations at the station, including spacewalking. Additionally, this extension was to test the spacecraft’s feasibility to stay in space for such a long period.

Behnken is happy to have experienced the Crew-1 mission, tests, and the Crew-2 mission is confident that the upcoming missions will be eventful and tantalizing. He remarks that the upcoming mission to fly four astronauts to space will be memorable after experiencing this Demo-2 mission. The spacecraft is fully fit for the upcoming launches since the two experienced astronauts tested their performance while at the International Space Station.

Finally, Behnken connotes that some modifications can be done on the spacecraft for more comfort of the crew. NASA is keen to make the vital modifications as it reviews the report.

Categories
News

AWS is finalizing on its six ground facilities while rescheduling its implementation strategy 

Amazon Web Services is keen to consider the customer response concerning the appropriate site for its antennas. For this reason, Amazon is slowing the launch of its commercial ground facility network. 

So far, Amazon Web Services (AWS) has established six ground facilities worldwide instead of similar 12 scheduled stations intended to reach completion last year. Initially, the deal was to develop the 12 stations for those new space industry entrants to minimize the cost of these firms developing their facilities for satellite data acquisition and deployment of their constellations. 

The senior manager of AWS facility development operations, Shayne Hawthorne, explained to SpaceNews via the July meeting that AWS altered its launch plans for 2019 after understanding its customers’ demands. Customers anticipated the ground facilities to be on different spots than what AWS had projected. 

Shayne states that the initial plan for the location of the ground facilities had an alteration after reaching out for customer response. The customer care team realized that the customers hope for their facilities to be in the North. 

This customer demand resulted in the development of one of the facilities in Sweden. The location facility will be meeting the needs of the polarly-located satellites, which are run by affiliates of AWS, who are the early adopters of the AWS services. 

Customer needs have led to the development of other ground facilities in Australia and Bahrain. Shayne further adds that there are other AWS ground facilities in the US and Ireland. 

Hawthorne reiterates that AWS is working on an additional 12 ground facilities for its establishment in its sites after obtaining customers’ feedback. He explains that various national regulatory agencies controlling the establishment of future ground stations make it hard to anticipate when the ground facilities will be complete for launching. 

Hawthorne reports that they are working towards developing other ground facilities worldwide once they complete the assessment of customer needs and the resources to meet them. He further explained that they would be producing another facility in a high latitude point with its completion speculations touching around December this year. 

In conclusion, Hawthorne reveals that creating another ground station will solely depend on customer demands or trends, which will result in its prioritization. Some of the upcoming AWS ground facilities users include satellite operators like Maxar Technologies, HawkEye 360, BlackSky, Capella Space, Spire, Open Cosmos, and Myriota. 

Categories
Energy

BMW allegedly working on the 1000-HP Electric M5

Porsche does have the Taycan Turbo S that is known to be the swiftest four-door that has been tested and verified. Audi is getting ready to unveil the 590-hp e-Tron GT, not forgetting the Tesla. Nonetheless, the BMW, whose M5 contestant sedan climbed up to 60 miles per hour (mph) in 2.6 seconds throughout the vehicle and driver testing, does not have gut-punching electric cars, at best not yet. It is working on the electric versions of the 5-series, 3-series, 7-series, and X1 conversely, based on a publication from the British magazine Car, it could also be tasking on electric M5 padding up to 1000 horsepower.

The forthcoming-era 5-series sedan that shall contain electric and hybrid components is ready to make its first appearance in the second half of the year 2023. The latest M5, allegedly also with electric and plug-in-hybrid components, shall follow in 2024, Car magazine states. The electric M5 shall supposedly make use of three 335-hp electric-based engines, one of them driving front wheels as well as the other two in the back. The entire production shall be nearly 1000 horsepower.

The most powerful and efficient kind of the 2021 BMW M5 is the Competition variant that is fuelled by a 617-hp twin-turbo 4.4 litre V-8. The high powerful type of the Porsche Taycan, the Turbo S, contains two electric engines that generate 750 horsepower, and the Tesla Model S running makes 778 horses from two of its electric motors. Hence BMW may be competent to get back the swiftest-four-door name in the forthcoming few years.

Fortunately for those people who are not prepared for the demise of internal burning in the M5, there shall as well be a plug-in-hybrid kind. This M5 shall supposedly make use of a similar powertrain as the forthcoming X8 M SUV. That is a crossbreed twin-turbo V8 powertrain generating nearly 750 horsepower dispatching push to all the four wheels. Car and Driver reached out to BMW. Conversely, a representative hesitated to remark on whether electric, as well as the hybrid, are in the works or not.

The electric 5-series is not solely the EV BMW is tasking upon. BMW has remarked that it is targeting to have twenty-five electric cars on the road by 2023. 

It shall be thrilling to observe how the hyper-potent all-electric sedan battles fall out. With two same automobiles, this fight shall be accomplished or stumped in terms of charging chances, made quality and driving undercurrents 

At the onset of this year, BMW proclaimed that it should be drawing some of its famous diesel motors from production, and this came about release regulation.

Categories
Space

Cubesat illustrates Earth science device

WASHINGTON – A Cubesat initiated earlier in the current year has adequately tested an edition of an instrument that will hover on a more significant NASA operation in development.  

The Hyper-Angular Rainbow Polarimeter (HARP) Cubesat was installed in February from the International Space Station (ISS) following its delivery to the station on a Cygnus cargo space ship. The Cubesat ferries imaging Polarimeter was built to gauge the properties of aerosol and cloud particles in Earth’s atmosphere.  

Space Dynamics Lab (SDL) of Utah State University manages the three-unit Cubesat and also designed the spacecraft. The payload was created and is run by the University of Maryland B Baltimore County (UMBC). The payload accomplished “first flight” in April and took their original pictures in May. 

Tim Nelson, the program director for HARP at SDL, stated that the spaceship displays that CubeSats can offer valuable data in Earth sciences. Tim confirmed in a statement that the application of Earth observation technology-based in space has, in the past, been the domain of big satellites. He added that HARP helps confirm that miniaturized antennas on tiny satellites can generate a high degree of reliability at a portion of the time and cost it takes to construct bigger satellites. 

The instrument’s utility derives from its capability to gauge the size allotment of cloud droplets that can give information on the ice and water clouds properties. That could, in turn, enhance aerosol processes modeling and assist in reducing qualms in climate modeling.

HARP is a forerunner for a related instrument dubbed, HARP2, being developed by UMBC for NASA’s Plankton, Cloud, Aerosol, ocean Ecosystems mission. HARP2 is set to feature enhanced resolution and antenna performance and will be in a position to offer world coverage every two days from the sun-synchronous orbit of PACE. 

PACE has been the talk of frequent attempts at cancellation in the budget request of the administration, comprising in the 2021 fiscal year budget proposal earlier in the current year. Nonetheless, Congress has declined those proposals and decided to fund the development of PACE. The spaceship is set to initiate on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket in late 2022. 

Tiny satellites such as CubeSats play a significant role in technology demonstration, exploration, scientific research, and educational research at NASA. These small satellites offer a cheap platform for NASA operations, comprising planetary discovery, Earth observations, and essential space and Earth science.